Natural cotton gets brown hue
The mention of cotton evokes an image of pure, milky whiteness. But in nature, several wild species of the genus Gossypium—to which cotton belongs—produce coloured fibre. The colours range from light to dark brown and light green. Mostly, coloured varieties of cotton have been a part of cotton gene banks more as novelty mutant genetic stocks than as a part of breeding programmes. The reasons are poor fibre quality, colour instability and low yield potential.
However, the Central Institute for Cotton Research (CICR) in Nagpur has developed a dark brown linted cotton variety that is commercially viable. The new variety, MSH-53, is characterised by stability of lint colour, spinnable fibre quality and a fairly good yield.
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